Weed Identification Guide

The first thing to do is to know your opponent. You will know the best way to deal with your weed problem.

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What is a Weed, Anyway ?

Digging up plants with shovel

Jacob Fox.

Any plant that you do n’t want to grow can be a weed. There are some weedy species to keep an eye out for. The aggressive plants make your yard look messy and can choke out the garden plants you ‘ve worked so hard to grow. Whether you ‘re trying to identify lawn weeds or garden weeds, this handy guide will help you identify more than 30 common weeds by photo, and give you tips for how to best remove them.

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close shot of dandelion in grass

The man is Marty Baldwin.

Broadleaf perennial is type.

12 inches tall, 6-16 inches wide.

In the sun or shade, where it grows : lawns and gardens.

The common lawn weed has a long tap root. The flowers mature into balls. Dandelion seeds are like parachutes that fly away in the wind, helping them invade new spaces in lawns and garden beds.

There are tips to prevent dandelions in gardens. Pull dandelion weeds by hand or treat lawns with a broadleaf herbicide, which wo n’t kill grass.

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Oxalis /p > is a class.

detail of oxalis broadleaf weeds

The man is Marty Baldwin.

Broadleaf perennial is type.

Up to 20 inches tall.

It grows in a shady landscape, lawn or garden areas.

The garden weed has green leaves that look like flowers in the summer and fall.

In the spring, mulch garden areas to prevent weeds. In the spring or fall, spray oxalis weeds with a broadleaf herbicide.

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Crabgrass is a class of text.

crabgrass lawn patch

Dean Schoeppner.

Grassy annual.

Up to 18 inches tall and 20 inches wide.

The areas where it grows are in the sun or shade.

Crabgrass is a grassy weed. There is a lawn weed that grows roots anywhere on the lawn. Seed heads are spread out.

If you want to control crabgrass, use a pre-emergence weed preventer, pull it by hand, or spot-treat it with a nonselective herbicide.

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Bindweed /p > is a class.

detail of climbing bindweed broadleaf weed

Bindweed can be difficult to eradicate from your yard.

The man is Marty Baldwin.

Broadleaf perennial is type.

Climbs to 6 feet or more.

The areas in the sun are where it grows.

Look for the arrowhead-shape leaves on the twining vines. White to pale pink morning glory flowers are produced by Bindweed.

Control bindweed by covering your garden. Repeatedly pull or cut down growing bindweed plants and/or spot treat with a nonselective herbicide designed to kill roots, not just above-ground growth.

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detail of white clover weed and flower head

The man is Marty Baldwin.

Broadleaf perennial is type.

The size is 10 inches tall and 12 inches wide.

In the sun to partial shade, where it grows : lawn, landscape, and garden areas.

White clover has three-lobe leaves and white flower clusters. Plants spread quickly to form mats of foliage.

White clover can be found in landscape areas if you do n’t mulch your garden beds. If you want to get rid of the weeds in the garden beds, use an iron-based herbicide.

Some gardeners use this plant to create a more eco-friendly lawn because it adds nitrogen to the soil.

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detail of nutsedge grassy weeds

The man is Marty Baldwin.

Grass-like perennial.

2 feet tall and 1 foot wide.

In sun or shade, where it grows : lawn, landscape, or garden areas.

The root system of Nutsedge has slender, grassy leaves, triangular stems, and small, nutlike tubers. These weeds are easy to spot because they grow faster than turf grass.

In the spring, mulch garden areas to prevent nutsedge. Plants are easy to pull up, but it will take a lot of work to get rid of the problem. It ‘s important to use the right one for the type of turf grass you have to avoid damaging it, even if it ‘s labeled for use on nutsedge.

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The block-heading text is called “ Creeping Charlie ”.

detail of creeping charlie weed around trunk

The man is Marty Baldwin.

Broadleaf perennial is type.

Four inches tall, several feet wide.

Where it grows : lawn, landscape, or garden areas.

In late spring, identify this lawn weed by its leaves, stems, and flowers.

In the spring, mulch garden areas to prevent charlie. In the spring or fall, spray plants with a postemergence herbicide.

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The block-heading text is from Lamb’s-Quarter.

detail of lambs-quarter broadleaf weed

The man is Marty Baldwin.

Broadleaf annual is type.

Up to 4 feet tall and 18 inches wide.

The areas where it grows are in the sun or shade.

The leaves of Lamb’s-quarters have gray undersides.

It is possible to control the amount of lamb’s-quarter in your garden. If you want to use a postemergence herbicide, pull the plants by hand.

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Plantain /p > is a class.

plantain weed growing outdoors

Before trying to pull weeds out of the soil, loosen it with a hoe.

Denny Schrock is a man.

Broadleaf perennial is type.

Up to 8 inches tall and 12 inches wide.

In sun or shade, it grows moist lawn and garden areas.

If you spot broad, flat, oval-shape leaves arranged in a low rosette, you ‘ve likely found a Plantain.

Control by covering the garden with mulch. Pull these weeds by hand or use a postemergence herbicide.

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detail of dayflower broadleaf weed

The man is Marty Baldwin.

The grass type is annual.

Up to 30 inches tall and wide.

There are sunny or shady areas where it grows.

Dayflowers have dark green leaves that grow from a stem and brilliant blue flowers in the summer.

Use a preemergence herbicide in the spring to control weeds. Pull weeds by hand or spot treat.

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detail of purslane groundcover weed

The man is Marty Baldwin.

Broadleaf annual is type.

Up to 6 inches tall and 2 feet wide.

It grows in dry, sunny landscape and garden areas.

This weed has dark green leaves and small yellow flowers at the end of its stems.

Use a preemergence herbicide in the spring to control purslane. Pull plants by hand or spot-treat.

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detail of large velvetleaf broadleaf weed

The man is Marty Baldwin.

Broadleaf annual is type.

Up to 6 feet tall and 3 feet wide.

Fertile, sunny landscape and garden areas are where it grows.

Velvetleaf gets its name because of its large leaves that are up to 10 inches across. The yellow flowers of the weed are in the summer.

Use a preemergence herbicide in the spring to control weeds. Pull existing plants by hand.

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detail of speading wild violet perennial weed

The man is Marty Baldwin.

Broadleaf perennial is type.

6 inches wide and 6 inches tall.

Where it grows : lawn, landscape, or garden areas.

Wild violet has leaves and flowers in late spring.

In the spring, mulch garden beds to prevent wild violet. In the spring or fall, spray or pull weeds.

This plant can be grown as an ornamental in shade gardens.

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The class has a block-heading text called Smartweed.

detail of smartweed broadleaf plant

The man is Marty Baldwin.

Broadleaf annual is type.

Up to 42 inches tall and 30 inches wide.

The landscape and garden areas are where it grows.

Look for garden weeds like smartweed by their lance-shape leaves marked with purple chevrons. It has pink or white flowers in the summer and fall.

mulch garden beds in the spring to prevent this weed. Once the plants grow, apply a postemergence herbicide or pull them by hand.

This weed is native to areas of North America. It supports local wildlife.

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Quickweed /p > is a class.

detail of quickweed broadleaf weed with flowers

The man is Marty Baldwin.

Broadleaf annual is type.

Up to 2 feet tall and wide.

The landscape and garden areas are where it grows.

In the summer, Quickweed has jagged, hairy leaves and small white daisy-shape flowers.

In the spring, use a mulch or a preemergence herbicide. Pull plants by hand if they grow or spot-treat them if they do n’t.

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Pigweed /p > is a class.

close shot of pigweed broadleaf in ground

The man is Marty Baldwin.

Broadleaf annual is type.

6 feet tall and 2 feet wide.

The landscape or garden areas are where it grows.

Pigweeds are tall plants with a tap root. You can identify weeds by their clusters of green flowers.

In the spring, mulch garden areas to prevent pigweed. Pull weeds by hand or spray with a weed killer.

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The block-heading text is from Canada Thistle.

detail of canada thistle broadleaf weed

The man is Marty Baldwin.

Broadleaf perennial is type.

Up to 6 feet tall and 3 feet wide.

Where it grows : lawn, landscape, or garden areas.

Canada thistle has spiny, gray-green leaves.

In landscape areas, mulch your garden to prevent it. If you want to dig the weed out by hand, use a postemergence herbicide in the spring or fall.

Thistle has an extensive root system that can grow several feet out from the main plant.

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The class has a block-heading text.

knotweed broadleaf annual weed

The man is Marty Baldwin.

Broadleaf annual is type.

Up to 8 inches tall and 2 feet wide.

Where it grows : a lawn, landscape, or garden area.

There are blue-green leaves on long stems of Knotweed.

If you want to control knotweed, apply a preemergence herbicide in the spring. Once the plant grows, spot-treat it with a nonselective weed killer.

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The class has a block-heading text.

detail of pokeweed emerging from dirt

The man is Marty Baldwin.

Broadleaf perennial is type.

Up to 10 feet tall and 2 feet wide.

The landscape or garden areas are where it grows.

The garden weed has light green leaves, clusters of white flowers, and dark purple berries.

Control pokeweed by covering it with mulch. Pull or spot-treat the plant once it grows.

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Poison Ivy is a class of text.

poison ivy weed detail on branches

The man is Marty Baldwin.

Broadleaf perennial is type.

Up to 15 feet tall and wide.

The area where it grows is either a shady landscape or a garden area.

Poison ivy can be a vine or shrub. The weed can grow clusters of green berries.

Control poison ivy by covering it with mulch. If the weed starts to grow in your yard, spot-treat it with an herbicide or wrap your hand in a plastic bag, pull the plant up, roots and all, and seal it with a plastic bag.

The plant contains oils that cause a severe allergic skin reaction in many people. Even on dead leaves, these oils can become airborne if the plant is burned.

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Black Nightshade is a class.

detail of black nightshade broadleaf weed

The man is Marty Baldwin.

Broadleaf annual is type.

2 feet tall and 2 feet wide.

Where it grows : Landscape or garden areas with rich soil in the sun or shade.

Black nightshade can be a bushy plant with white or purple flowers and purple or red fruits.

Black nightshade can be prevented if you mulch your garden. If you want to treat the weed, pull it by hand.

All parts of this plant are poisonous if eaten.

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Black Medic is a class of text.

hand holding uprooted black medic weed

Peter Krumhardt.

Broadleaf annual or short-lived perennial.

The size is 1-2 feet tall and 1 foot wide.

Poor, dry, soil in full sun is where it grows.

Look for the garden weed by its leaves and flowers. It grows as a dense mat.

Black medic can be found in gardens. Pull or dig out weeds by hand. Keep the soil well watered and amended with organic matter.

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hand holding uprooted quackgrass weed

Peter Krumhardt.

Grassy perennial.

Up to 3 feet tall and several feet wide.

The areas where it grows are in the sun or shade.

The garden weed has flower spikes above clumps of grass.

You can control quackgrass by covering your garden well. It ‘s a good idea to dig plants out by hand. Spot treat with a weed killer.

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hand holding uprooted quackgrass weed

Peter Krumhardt.

Broadleaf perennial is type.

Up to 4 feet tall and 2 feet wide.

The areas where it grows are in the sun or shade.

Dock has large, wavy-edge leaves and large seed heads covered with brown seeds.

There is control to prevent dock. Pull and dig up plants.

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henbit-broadleaf-annual-weed-detail-ad16572e

Peter Krumhardt.

Broadleaf annual is type.

Up to 12 inches tall and wide.

The areas where it grows are in the sun or shade.

The lawn weed is a low, creeping plant with leaves and flowers.

Use preemergence herbicide in the spring to control henbit. Pull plants by hand or treat lawns with a broadleaf, postemergence herbicide.

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Fleabane /p >

hand holding uprooted fleabane broadleaf weed

Peter Krumhardt.

Broadleaf annual is type.

2 feet tall and 18 inches wide.

The areas in the sun to partial shade are where it grows.

Fleabane has leaves attached to a branching stem. It produces pale lavender daisies.

Use a preemergence herbicide in the spring to control fleabane. Pull plants by hand or spot-treat.

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stinging nettle weed

Stinging nettle can hurt your hands, so wear garden gloves when dealing with it.

Denny Schrock is a man.

Broadleaf perennial is type.

Up to 6 feet tall and 3 feet wide.

Garden areas with rich, moist soil are where it grows.

The garden weed has leaves and flower clusters covered in stinging hairs.

There is a control to prevent nettle. Postemergence herbicides can be used to treat weeds.

When working around this plant, always wear gloves.

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Prostrate Spurge /p >

hand holding uprooted prostrate spurge weed

Peter Krumhardt.

Broadleaf annual is type.

3 inches tall and 18 inches wide.

It grows in lawn, landscape, and garden areas with dry soil.

The leaves of prostrate spurge form mats.

Use a preemergence herbicide in lawns to control prostrate spurge. Pull weeds if they are young or spot treat if they are old.

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hand holding uprooted chickweed plant

Peter Krumhardt.

Broadleaf annual is type.

6 inches tall and 12 inches wide.

The areas with rich, moist soil in sun or shade are where it grows.

This garden and lawn weed creates lush green mats studded with small, star-shape flowers.

Use a preemergence herbicide in the early spring to control chickweed. Pull weeds by hand.

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The block-heading text is called Musk Thistle.

hand holding uprooted Musk Thistle

Peter Krumhardt.

Broadleaf biennial is type.

Up to 6 feet tall and 18 inches wide.

Landscape and garden areas are in full sun.

Musk thistle has prickly leaves growing off of tall stems with heavy two inch purple flowers.

Control by covering your garden. If you want to dig the weed out by hand, use a postemergence herbicide.

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hand holding uprooted ragweed

Peter Krumhardt.

Broadleaf annual is type.

Up to 4 feet tall and 2 feet wide.

The areas in the sun or partial shade are where it grows.

The leaves of Ragweed are almost fern-like.

Control by covering your garden with mulch. Pull it out by hand or use a postemergence herbicide.

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hand holding uprooted yellow sweet clover weed

Peter Krumhardt.

Broadleaf annual is type.

The size is 1-2 feet tall and 18 inches wide.

Landscape and garden areas are where it grows.

Look for this garden weed by its branches, leaves, and flowers.

Control by covering your garden with mulch. Pull plants by hand or spot-treat.

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Yellow salsify is a class of text.

hand holding uprooted yellow salsify weed

Peter Krumhardt.

Broadleaf biennial or short-lived perennial.

Up to 3 feet tall and 2 feet wide.

The landscape and garden areas are where it grows.

Spot yellow salsify by its gray-green leaves. There are yellow flowers on the plant.

Control yellow salsify by covering your garden. If you want to treat the plants, pull them by hand.

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Category: Flower

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