32 PURPLE Wildflowers in Maine! (ID Guide)

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Did you find a

purple

wildflower in

Maine

?

Common Maine Purple Wildflowers Common Maine Purple Wildflowers

You can use this guide to find out what type of wildflower it is.

Today, we will look at 32 common

wildflowers that are

purple

in

Maine

.

Each wildflower listed in the article has a USDA Hardiness Zone. This refers to areas of the US where plants can grow. The map shows the zones of Maine.

The Maine Hardiness Zones range from 1a to 13b.

33 types of

purple

wildflowers in

Maine

:

#1. Bull Thistle

  • Is it possible that it is possible that it is possible that it is possible that it is possible that it is possible that it is possible that it is possible that it is possible that it is possible that it is possible that it is possible that it is possible that it is possible that it

Types of Purple Wildflowers that live in MaineTypes of Purple Wildflowers that live in Maine

Common Thistle, Dodder, and Spear Thistle are also known as Boar Thistle.

Growing Information

  • USDA Hardiness Zone:

    3a-8b

  • Life Cycle:

    Biennial

  • Approximate mature size:

    2-6′ (.6-1.8 m)

  • Bloom Time:

    Summer, Fall

  • Sun Exposure:

    Full Sun, Sun to Partial Shade

Bull Thistle is a spiny and common purple wildflower in

Maine

.

If you want to attract giant bees and butterflies, be careful handling it.

The American Goldfinch likes the seeds of this thistle the most. These birds wait until the flowers bloom in late summer to raise their young because they use the thistledown to line their nest.

#2. Alfalfa

  • Medicago is a cannabis plant.

Kinds of Purple Wildflowers in MaineKinds of Purple Wildflowers in Maine

Also known as Lucerne.

Growing Information

  • USDA Hardiness Zone:

    3a-11

  • Life Cycle:

    Perennial

  • Approximate mature size:

    1-3′ (30-90 cm)

  • Bloom Time:

    Spring, Summer, Fall

  • Sun Exposure:

    Full Sun

Farmers grow alfalfa as a food crop for farm animals because it fixes nitrogen from the air into the soil through its roots.

The purple wildflower is native to warmer climates and attracts many bees, butterflies, and birds.

#3. Smooth Blue Aster

  • Symphyotrichum laeve.

Maine Purple Wildflowers speciesMaine Purple Wildflowers species

Also known as Michealmas Daisy.

Growing Information:

  • USDA Hardiness Zone:

    3-9

  • Life Cycle:

    Perennial

  • Approximate mature size:

    1-3′ (30-90 cm)

  • Bloom Time:

    Summer, Fall

  • Sun Exposure:

    Full Sun, Partial Sun

You will find this striking purple wildflower in plains, meadows, and hillsides throughout

Maine

.

The Smooth Blue Aster pappi is similar to the hairs on a dandelion in that it allows the seeds to be spread by the wind.

#4. Winter Vetch

  • There is a person named Vicia villosa.

Common Purple Wildflowers species in  MaineCommon Purple Wildflowers species in  Maine

Also known as Fodder Vetch and Hairy Vetch.

Growing Information:

  • USDA Hardiness Zone:

    4-7

  • Life Cycle:

    Annual, Biennial, Perennial

  • Approximate mature size:

    1-3′ (30-91 cm)

  • Bloom Time:

    Summer, Fall

  • Sun Exposure:

    Full Sun, Sun to Partial Sun

Gardeners often plant Winter Vetch as a companion plant. The Winter Vetch helps put nitrogen in the soil, which helps keep weeds from growing.

This purple wildflower can be found in forests, grassland, old fields, roadsides, and disturbed areas. It is considered an invader in some areas.

#5. Common Burdock

  • Arctium minus.

purple wildflowerspurple wildflowers

Lesser Burdock, Little Burdock, Button-bur, Cuckoo-button, and Wild Rhubarb are also known.

Growing Information:

  • USDA Hardiness Zone:

    4a-10b

  • Life Cycle:

    Biennial

  • Approximate mature size:

    4-6′ (120-180 cm)

  • Bloom Time:

    Mid Summer, Late Summer, Early Fall, Mid Fall

  • Sun Exposure:

    Sun to Partial Shade

You will find this purple wildflower in pastures, open prairies, hayfields, roadsides, old fields, barnyards, railways, and other disturbed areas in

Maine

.

This plant is easy to identify because of its large leaves and deep purple flowers. They are similar to velcro because they stick onto humans and animals after the flower head dries.

bees, butterflies, and birds are attracted to this purple wildflower. It can be affected by powdery mildew and root rot. If you handle this plant, be careful, it may cause skin irritation or an allergic reaction.

#6. Clasping Venus’ Looking Glass

  • Triodanis perfoliata.

purple wildflowerspurple wildflowers

Also known as Roundleaf Triodanis and Bellflower.

Growing Information:

  • USDA Hardiness Zone:

    2-11

  • Life Cycle:

    Annual

  • Approximate mature size:

    6-36″ (15-91 cm)

  • Bloom Time:

    Spring, Summer

  • Sun Exposure:

    Full Sun

In

Maine

, you can find this purple wildflower in habitats with dry sandy soils such as disturbed areas, gardens, and woods.

The flowers in the rounded leaves are what you can see to identify the glass. Small butterflies, bees, and flies can be attracted to this plant.

#7. Bee Balm

  • Monarda fistulosa.

purple wildflowerspurple wildflowers

You can buy/view seeds here.

Also known as Wild Bee Balm.

Growing Information

  • USDA Hardiness Zone:

    3a-9b

  • Life Cycle:

    Perennial

  • Approximate mature size:

    2-4′ (60-120 cm)

  • Bloom Time:

    Summer

  • Sun Exposure:

    Sun to Partial Shade

Look for this fragrant clump-forming perennial with beautiful lilac-purple wildflowers in dry areas of fields, prairies, and along roads in

Maine

.

Bee Balm leaves provide many health benefits, as its antimicrobial properties help ward off colds and the flu. It is possible to steam the plant and create a poultice from Bee Balm in order to treat headaches, sores, muscle cramps, or fungal infections. Monarda can cause uterus contraction, so expecting women should n’t use it.

I grow Bee Balm in my flower garden to attract birds and bees. Birds and insects will be able to visit the flowers when they are in full bloom. Many people claim that Bee Balm is so effective at drawing in hummingbirds that they no longer have to worry about filling their feeders.

#8. Spotted Knapweed

  • The name of the plant is Centaurea stoebe.

purple wildflowerspurple wildflowers

Also known as panicled knapweed.

Growing Information

  • USDA Hardiness Zone:

    3a-10b

  • Life Cycle:

    Biennial

  • Approximate mature size:

    2-3′ (60-90cm)

  • Bloom Time:

    Summer, Fall

  • Sun Exposure:

    Full Sun

You will usually find these wildflowers along roads and open fields throughout

Maine

.

The purple wildflower is a weed because it can crowd out other plants. It is an allelopathic plant, which changes the soil to discourage other plants from growing and favor its offspring. It is an effective evolutionary advantage that Spotted Knapweed is rude.

#9. Creeping Charlie

  • Glechoma hederacea is a plant.

purple wildflowerspurple wildflowers

Also known as Gill-over-ground, Ground Ivy, Hedgemaids, Field Balm, Tunhoof, and Catsfoot.

Growing Information

  • USDA Hardiness Zone:

    3a-10b

  • Life Cycle:

    Perennials

  • Approximate mature size:

    5-8″ (12.5-20 cm)

  • Bloom Time:

    Spring, Summer

  • Sun Exposure:

    Sun to Partial Shade

The plant tolerates the sun very well and grows in large groups in moist areas. The bees collect the pollen from the Charlie.

The purple wildflower is not native to some places. In Maine, it is an aggressive weed because it is difficult to get rid of by hand pulling or mowing. I have fought with Charlie before in my yard.

#10. Purple Loosestrife

  • The name of the plant is Lythrum salicaria.

purple wildflowerspurple wildflowers

Also known as Spiked Loosetrife.

Growing Information

  • USDA Hardiness Zone:

    3a-9b

  • Life Cycle:

    Perennial

  • Approximate mature size:

    2-5′ (60-150 cm)

  • Bloom Time:

    Summer

  • Sun Exposure:

    Full Sun

Typically you will see this perennial in ditches, wet meadows, marshes, and along lakes in

Maine

.

This purple wildflower is considered a weed because it takes over and pushes out native plants.

Each flower spike can produce up to 300,000 seeds. It also grows new shoots from its roots.

#11. New England Aster

  • Symphyotrichum novae-angliae is a species of Symphyotrichum.

purple wildflowerspurple wildflowers

Buy seeds here!

Also known as Michaelmas Daisy.

Growing Information

  • USDA Hardiness Zone:

    3a-9b

  • Life Cycle:

    Perennial

  • Approximate mature size:

    3-7′ (90-210cm)

  • Bloom Time:

    Fall

  • Sun Exposure:

    Late Summer, Early Fall

New England Aster generally grows in wet environments in

Maine

, although this purple wildflower can survive in

dry soil or sand.

The purple wildflower is a perennial that blooms in autumn. If you allow the seed heads to dry on the plant, you can collect the seeds for future planting.

#12. Dame’s Rocket

  • Hesperis matronalis is a type of matron.

purple wildflowerspurple wildflowers

Also known as the Damask-violet, Dames-wort, Dame ‘s Gilliflower, Night-scented Gilliflower, Queen ‘s Gilliflower, Rogue ‘s Gilliflower, Summer Lilac, and Mother-of-the.

Growing Information

  • USDA Hardiness Zone:

    3-9

  • Life Cycle:

    Biennials or Short-lived Perennials

  • Approximate mature size:

    1-4′ (30-122 cm)

  • Bloom Time:

    Early to Mid Spring

  • Sun Exposure:

    Full Sun to Partial Shade

There is a purple wildflower in Maine. Dame ‘s Rocket is a fast-spreading plant. Look for them in the mixes.

In some areas, this plant is not welcome. The young leaves of this flower can be eaten in salads and have a slightly bitter taste.

Dame ‘s Rocket is often confused with a native species. Dame ‘s Rocket has arranged leaves and petals in different ways, while phloxes have opposite leaves and petals.

#13. Tall Morning Glory

  • Ipomoea purpurea.

purple wildflowerspurple wildflowers

Common Morning Glory is also known as Purple Morning Glory.

Growing Information

  • USDA Hardiness Zone:

    2-11

  • Life Cycle:

    Annual

  • Approximate mature size:

    12-15′ (3.7-4.6 m)

  • Bloom Time:

    Summer, Fall

  • Sun Exposure:

    Full Sun, Sun to Partial Shade

The purple wildflower can grow in dry and rich soil. This perennial can be found in gardens, old fields, roadsides, and waste sites.

Tall Morning Glory seeds have been used as a drug. The seeds you find for sale are often treated with toxic methylmercury, which serves as a preservative and a poison to discourage recreational use.

#14. Canada Toadflax

  • Nuttallanthus canadensis is a plant.

purple wildflowerspurple wildflowers

Also known as Blue and Old-field Toadflax.

Growing Information

  • USDA Hardiness Zone:

    4a-8a

  • Life Cycle:

    Annual, Biennial

  • Approximate mature size:

    8-10″ (20-45 cm)

  • Bloom Time:

    Early Spring, Summer

  • Sun Exposure:

    Full Sun

Canada torflax flowers bloom in large numbers in early spring, making them a critical source of bees and butterflies. The leaves of the plant are a good source of food.

On roadsides and grassland, this purple wildflower thrives in the full sun. Some parts of the plant are poisonous if eaten.

#15. Purple Coneflower

  • There is a plant called Echinacea purpurea.

purple wildflowerspurple wildflowers

Buy seeds here!

It ‘s also known as Eastern Coneflower and Eastern Purple Coneflower.

Growing Information

  • USDA Hardiness Zone:

    2a-10b

  • Life Cycle:

    Perennial

  • Approximate mature size:

    2-3′ (60-90 cm)

  • Bloom Time:

    Summer, Fall

  • Sun Exposure:

    Full Sun, Sun to Partial Shade

People love growing purple coneflower in their gardens in Maine. The flowers will thrive in harsh conditions.

There are several smaller flowers in the cone-shaped disc. The bees, butterflies, and hummingbirds are interested in the colorful blooms.

The purple coneflower is two to four feet high, so it ‘s important to find an appropriate place in your landscaping beds. Coneflowers grow in clumps or clusters up to two feet wide. Give your plants plenty of room to grow.

#16. Canada Thistle

  • Cirsium arvense is a plant.

purple wildflowerspurple wildflowers

Also known as Canadian Thistle, Lettuce From Hell Thistle, California Thistle, Corn Thistle, Cursed Thistle, Field Thistle, Green Thistle, Hard Thistle, Perennial Thistle, and Prickly Thistle.

Growing Information

  • USDA Hardiness Zone:

    3a-10b

  • Life Cycle:

    Perennial

  • Approximate mature size:

    1-5′ (30-150 cm)

  • Bloom Time:

    Late Spring through Early Fall

  • Sun Exposure:

    Full Sun to Partial Shade

This purple wildflower is an incredibly invasive weed in

Maine

.

In various habitats, this non-native wildflower occurs. Each plant has up to 5,300 seeds, so it reproduces fast.

It would not feel good to touch the wildflowers, they are very spiny.

#17. Bittersweet Nightshade

  • The name of the plant is Solanum dulcamara.

purple wildflowerspurple wildflowers

Also known as Bittersweet, Bitter Nightshade, Blue Bindweed, Amara Dulcis, Climbing Nightshade, Fellenwort, Felonwood, Poisonberry, Poisonflower, Scarlet Berry, Snakeberry, Trailing Bittersweet, and Woody Nightshade.

Growing Information

  • USDA Hardiness Zone:

    4a-8b

  • Life Cycle:

    Perennial

  • Approximate mature size:

    2-8′ (60-240 cm)

  • Bloom Time:

    Spring, Summer, Fall

  • Sun Exposure:

    Sun and Light Shade

This vine can be found in woods, scrublands, hedges, and marshes. Some birds eat the adorable little berries of this purple wildflower.

The parts of the Bittersweet Nightshade are poisonous to humans. Its foliage is toxic to animals. This is not a plant you want to add to your salad.

#18. Great Blue Lobelia

  • The siphilitica is named after Lobelia.

purple wildflowerspurple wildflowers

Also known as Blue Cardinal Flower.

Growing Information

  • USDA Hardiness Zone:

    4a-9b

  • Life Cycle:

    Perennial

  • Approximate mature size:

    1-4′ (30-120 cm)

  • Bloom Time:

    Summer, Fall

  • Sun Exposure:

    Sun to Partial Shade, Light Shade

The perennial flower must be pollinated by insects, bumblebees, or hummingbirds.

In moist to wet soils and partially shaded environments, this purple wildflower thrives.

#19. Showy Orchis

  • The name of the species is Galearis spectabilis.

showy orchis showy orchis

Also known as Showy Orchid.

Growing Information

  • USDA Hardiness Zone:

    4-7

  • Life Cycle:

    Perennial

  • Approximate mature size:

    5-12″ (12.5-30cm)

  • Bloom Time:

    Spring

  • Sun Exposure:

    Partial Shade, Shade

On shady hillsides, this perennial may be rocky, damp, and under trees. You will not see these flowers in the full sun.

The Showy Orchis provides food for many animals.

#20. American Hog Peanut

  • Amphicarpaea bracteata is a plant.

american hog peanutamerican hog peanut

Also known as ground bean.

Growing Information

  • USDA Hardiness Zone:

    5b

  • Life Cycle:

    Annual, Perennial

  • Approximate mature size:

    1-5′ (30-152 cm)

  • Bloom Time:

    Summer, Fall

  • Sun Exposure:

    Sun to Partial Shade, Light Shade

American Hog Peanuts is unique compared to other purple wildflowers in

Maine

.

The upper flowers are open and pollinated by insects, while the lower flowers are underground and self-pollinate. The lower flowers grow a fruit called a hog peanut, which is how it got its name.

The American hog peanut is found in the forest and attracts several species of butterfly.

#21. Field Thistle

  • Cirsium is discolored.

Field Thistle Field Thistle

Also known as Pasture Thistle.

Growing Information

  • USDA Hardiness Zone:

    3-9

  • Life Cycle:

    Perennial

  • Approximate mature size:

    3-5′ (90-150 cm)

  • Bloom Time:

    Summer

  • Sun Exposure:

    Full Sun

Field Thistle has large flower heads. This is attractive to large butterflies like monarchs and bees.

In Maine, the purple wildflower is found in damp areas along roads and open fields. Use extreme caution when handling it. The plant can poke you.

#22. Purple False Foxglove

  • Agalinis purpurea.

purple false foxglovepurple false foxglove

Also known as purple.

Growing Information

  • USDA Hardiness Zone:

    2a-10b

  • Life Cycle:

    Annual

  • Approximate mature size:

    12-36″ (30-91 cm)

  • Bloom Time:

    Summer, Fall

  • Sun Exposure:

    Full Sun

You can add the purple False Foxglove to your garden in Maine. It thrives in moist sandy soils.

Some of the plant ‘s nutrition comes from other plants around it, such as native grasses or Sweetgum Trees.

#23. Harebell

  • Campanula rotundifolia is a plant.

Harebell picHarebell pic

Also known as Scottish Bluebells, Roundleaf Bellflower, and Scottish Harebel.

Growing Information

  • USDA Hardiness Zone:

    3a-8b

  • Life Cycle:

    Perennial

  • Approximate mature size:

    6-20″ (15-50 cm)

  • Bloom Time:

    Summer, Fall

  • Sun Exposure:

    Full Sun, Sun to Partial Shade

The Harebell has a very thin stem. There are many habitats in Maine where you can find this purple wildflower.

If you want to bring color to your backyard, look for their nodding bell-shaped purple flowers.

#24. Wild Geranium

  • There is aranium maculatum.

wild geraniumwild geranium

Buy seeds here!

Also known as Cranesbill, Wood Geranium, and Spotted Geranium.

Growing Information

  • USDA Hardiness

    Zone:

    3a-8b

  • Life Cycle:

    Perennial

  • Approximate mature size:

    12-24″ (30-60 cm)

  • Bloom Time:

    Late Spring, Early Summer, Mid Summer

  • Sun Exposure:

    Full Sun to Partial Shade

You can find this delicate purple wildflower primarily in dry to moist forests in

Maine

.

Large groups of wild Geraniums make popular garden plants. This perennial has been used as an antiseptic to stop bleeding.

#25. Rice Button Aster

  • Symphyotrichum dumosum is a Symphyotrichum.

Rice Button Aster picRice Button Aster pic

Also known as Bushy.

Growing Information

  • USDA Hardiness Zone:

    4a-8b

  • Life Cycle:

    Perennial

  • Approximate mature size:

    12-36″ (30-91 cm)

  • Bloom Time:

    Late Summer, Early Fall

  • Sun Exposure:

    Full Sun

Rice Button Aster is an excellent addition to your garden or backyard because it is easy to grow. It may need some thinning to keep it under control.

It blooms in late summer or early fall, but will bloom throughout the year in warmer climates. Butterflies and native bees love it. The plant is a host for butterflies.

#26. Tall Bellflower

  • Campanula americana is from Campanula.

Tall Bellflower picTall Bellflower pic

Also called American Bellflower.

Growing Information

  • USDA Hardiness Zone:

    4-7

  • Life Cycle:

    Perennial

  • Approximate mature size:

    3-6″ (90-180 cm)

  • Bloom Time:

    Summer

  • Sun Exposure:

    Sun to Partial Shade, Light Shade, Partial to Full Shade

This purple wildflower thrives in partial shade along woodland edges, open woods, shaded meadows, streambanks, and ditches in

Maine

.

The Tall Bellflower is pollinated by bees, butterflies, and skippers.

#27. Venus’ Pride

  • Houstonia purpurea.

venus's pride picvenus's pride pic

Also known as purple bluet, summer bluet, and woodland bluet.

Growing Information

  • USDA Hardiness Zone:

    3-8

  • Life Cycle:

    Perennial

  • Approximate mature size:

    6-12″ (15-30″ cm)

  • Bloom Time:

    Spring

  • Sun Exposure:

    Sun to Partial Shade, Light Shade

These pretty purple wildflowers are found in dry fields, forests, or meadows in

Maine

.

Venus ‘ Pride is an excellent low-growing native plant to pair with a larger plant. There is nothing better than a plant that can grow in the sun or shade.

#28. Eastern Smooth Beardtongue

  • Penstemon laevigatus is related to Penstemon.

Eastern Smooth Beardtongue picEastern Smooth Beardtongue pic

Pride of the Mountain is also known as Hairy Beardtongue.

Growing Information

  • USDA Hardiness Zone:

    7a-10b

  • Life Cycle:

    Perennial

  • Approximate mature size:

    12-36″ (30-90 cm)

  • Bloom Time:

    Summer

  • Sun Exposure:

    Full Sun, Sun to Partial Shade

There are clearings of rich woods, fields, and disturbed sites where you can find this purple wildflower. The flowers are pale and not purple.

The yellow tip on the fifth stamen is what distinguishes this perennial from others.

#29. Giant Ironweed

  • Vernonia gigantea.

giant ironweed picgiant ironweed pic

Buy seeds here!

Also known as Tall Ironweed.

Growing Information

  • USDA Hardiness Zone:

    5a-9a

  • Life Cycle:

    Perennial

  • Approximate mature size:

    4-8′ (1.2-2.4 m)

  • Bloom Time:

    Summer, Fall

  • Sun Exposure:

    Sun to Partial Shade

This perennial is tall and has dark purple blooms. In Maine, the Giant Ironweed is found in the woods.

If planted in a group, this purple wildflower is a great addition to your garden. Swallowtails and Monarchs are attracted to Giant Ironweed.

#30. Hookedspur Violet

  • Adunca.

hookedspur violet pichookedspur violet pic

Sand violet, Hookedspur violet, and Western dog violet are also known.

Growing Information

  • USDA Hardiness Zone:

    4b-9a

  • Life Cycle:

    Perennial

  • Approximate mature size:

    4-8″ (10-20 cm)

  • Bloom Time:

    Mid Spring, Late Spring, Early Summer

  • Sun Exposure:

    Sun to Partial Shade, Light Shade

The purple wildflower is often found in the mountains of Maine. It does n’t necessarily have to grow in the mountains.

The violet has oil in its seeds that attracts ants. The Hookedspur Violet mostly spreads its seeds to new areas.

#31. Sharp-lobed Hepatica

  • Anemone acutiloba.

sharped lobed hepatica picsharped lobed hepatica pic

Mountain Hepatica is also known as Hepatica acuta.

Growing Information

  • USDA Hardiness Zone:

    3a-7b

  • Life Cycle:

    Perennial

  • Approximate mature size:

    4-6″ (10-15 cm)

  • Bloom Time:

    Spring

  • Sun Exposure:

    Light Shade

As soon as the snow melts, this dark purple wildflower emerges in

Maine

earlier than other woodland flowers.

This plant is great for under shrubs and roses in moist soils. Small bees collect the pollen while flies feed on it.

#32. Purple Thistle

  • The horridulum is made of cisium.

purple thistle picpurple thistle pic

Also known as Horrid Thistle and Spiny Thistle.

Growing Information

  • USDA Hardiness Zone:

    8-11

  • Life Cycle:

    Annual, Perennial

  • Approximate mature size:

    1-4′ (30-120 cm)

  • Bloom Time:

    Spring

  • Sun Exposure:

    Full Sun, Partial Sun

The leaves and roots of the Purple Thistle were used to aid digestion by some Native Americans. The plant is a host for some insects.

The Purple Thistle has a sharp spine, so please be careful when handling them.

Do you need more help identifying purple wildflowers in

Maine

?

This guide is worth checking out.

Which of these purple wildflowers have you seen before in

Maine

?

You can leave a comment.

Source: https://shopdothang.com
Category: Flower

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