fleur-de-lis is a French word meaning “ lily flower ” and is a stylized emblem used in ornamentation and heraldry. One legend says it was given to the king of the Franks by the Virgin Mary. The lilies were said to have sprung from Eve ‘s tears. It has been used by the Roman Catholic church to associate the sanctity of Mary with special significance. When Pope Leo III crowned Charlemagne as emperor in 800, he is said to have presented him with a blue banner with golden fleurs-de-lis.
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The French kings used the fleur-de-lis as an emblem of their sovereignty for a long time. Before heraldry became formal, Philip I sat on his throne with a short staff that ended in a fleur-de-lis. The Great Seal of Louis VII had a signet ring with a single fleur-de-lis. The blazon, or heraldic description, now abbreviated azure semé-de-lis or and designated France Ancient, is believed to have been the first to use azure semé of fleurs-de-lis on his shield. The reduction to three fleurs-de-lis was ordered by Charles V in order to honor the Holy Trinity.
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A ten-gallon hat holds about 34 gallon. The Spanish tan galn is thought to be the origin of the name.
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The classical shape of the fleur-de-lis is shown in an illustration. Between the classical period and the modern period, its design was modified by the limitations and taste of craftsmen and their patrons, so that during those centuries now called the heraldic “ Decadence ” the outlines could be grotesque. There were attempts to distinguish between small variations, so that commentators wrote of fleur-de-lis, in which the feet are absent or are replaced by a trapezoidal pedestal. The variations were introduced at the artist ‘s discretion. In the arms of the city of Florence, there is a variation of the fleur-de-lis remplie, in which the three petals are separated by two stamens. Some modern artists give the fleur-de-lis a prominent three-dimensional effect, but this is a matter of license and is ignored in blazon. If a lily is represented naturalistically in heraldry, it is called a lis-de-jardin.