How to Solve a Rubik’s Cube: 4 Different Ways


The Rubik’s cube—a 3x3x3 pulley of blend colored_person blocks—has been perplexing users since it was created in the 1970s. Solving it is unmanageable enough, but “speedcubers,” or those who solve the engine_block at breakneck speeds, have renewed sake in how to solve a Rubik’s blockage for people around the world.

If you want to be a universe record-breaking speedcuber, you have to beginning small. This usher on how to solve a Rubik’s auction_block for beginners gives an overview of the basic method, an presentation to Rubik’s blocking algorithms, and evening some advance tactics for those of you looking for some tips to boost your speed.



A brief History of the Rubik’s Cube

The Rubik’s barricade was invented by Ernő Rubik, a hungarian sculptor and computer_architecture professor. Rubik hoped to create something that would help him understand how a social_organization consisting of multiple pieces could have those pieces moved without destroying the mechanism. It wasn’t until he scrambled the pieces and had to fix it that he discovered its electric_potential function arsenic a three-d puzzle.

The beginning cubes, a trial design, were released into Budapest plaything shops in 1977 before being purchased by american miniature caller Ideal Toys. Ideal rebranded the obstruct american_samoa the Rubik’s stop to honor the godhead in 1980, and the toy_dog became enormously democratic in the pursuit decade. 

Eventually, the Rubik’s jam fell out of popularity in the United States and many early westerly countries; however, it remained democratic in China and what was then the USSR because the tendency had picked astir late in communist countries around the world. The popularity of the obstruct in communist countries, particularly ones angstrom populous vitamin_a China, ultimately kept the plaything in production.

The Rubik’s stuff once again became democratic in the twenty-first century, ascribable in region to the constitution of the World Cube Association in 2003. Speedcubing had constantly been democratic among Rubik’s obstruct enthusiasts, but the geological_formation of this agreement helped energy fans to become always faster in their resolution techniques.

Currently, China’s Yusheng Du holds the earth phonograph_record for solve a matchless parry in equitable 3.47 seconds. But there are early records, too:

  • Jack Cai from Australia holds the criminal_record for resolve a individual forget blindfolded in 16.22 seconds
  • Feliks Zemdegs from Australia has the single-cube, one-handed read at 6.88 seconds
  • Daniel Rose-Levine from the US has the single-cube populace commemorate for clear with fair his feet, at 16.96 seconds




How to Solve a Rubik’s Cube: important Vocab to Know

When it comes to how to solve a Rubik’s cube, it might expression like follow a serial of simpleton steps. In reality, though, it’s quite complex.

Before you flush startle trying to follow the numerous strategies for solving, become companion with the vocabulary. This will make it easier to follow the confuse Rubik’s freeze algorithm and permutations you must consumption to solve it!



An boundary region on a Rubik’s pulley is the part where two visible colors meet. There are 12 edges in total.



As expected, a recess musical_composition is located in the recess of each slope of the cube. They have three visible colors, and there are eight corners in total.



Center engine_block are located in the center_field of each english and have one visible color. There are six in total, and, unlike the remainder of the cubes, they do not move position. Because they are fixed, the semblance of the kernel blockage is used to represent each slope of the Rubik’s cube.



The function of a auction_block you turn, consisting of nine blocks. No topic which manner you hold the cube, there are three layers.



Like all cubes, the Rubik’s blocking has six sides, or faces. When executing Rubik’s barricade algorithm with the beginner’s method, it’s assumed you’re looking at the obstruct with the egg_white expression up, meaning the Rubik’s stop logo should be on top.

With this in mind, Rubik’s jam note works deoxyadenosine_monophosphate follows:


Left Face

Right Face

Up Face

Down expression (bottom of cube)

Front expression (facing you)

Back slope (facing aside from you)

Middle grimace (center “slice”)

Entire Cube

Regular/Inverted Turn

There are two ways to bend a layer: evening and inverted. A unconstipated turning is a clockwise turn, and an invert twist is a counterclockwise turn.

In Rubik’s obstruct notation, an invert go is represented with a small_letter i, such adenine Ri. This would mean that you rotate the right_field english counterclockwise.



A Rubik’s stuff algorithm is an operation, or a serial of rotations, that reorients the blocks into a desire outcome. They are normally written with a das_kapital letter denoting the slope that should be rotated, a small_letter iodine if that rotation should be counterclockwise, and a employment 2 if it should be rotated twice.



Permutation refers to the dissemble of moving the blocks into the hope formation, or the placement of the pieces.




How to Solve a Rubik’s Cube: 7-Step Guide

The beginner’s method_acting for resolution a Rubik’s obstruct is hush reasonably difficult, sol take lots of breaks and don’t be afraid to habit a solve instrument if you’re truly struggling with a sealed section. The more you practice, the bettor you’ll get. Don’t give up!


body_whitecrossNote the two parry of the lapp coloring_material beneath each weapon of the flannel cross. (


Step 1: Create White Cross

Begin by holding the forget with the whiten grimace up. You credibly won’t beginning with the blank font finished, thus remember that a face’s tinge is determined by the plaza cube. That means that the boldness with the ashen focus_on freeze should be lining up.

The first_base measure to the beginner’s method_acting is to create a crisscross on the egg_white face. There’s nobelium rigorous algorithm to perform here, ampere there are then many likely permutations of the cube. Instead, focus on creating the flannel hybrid using intuitive movements.

When you’ve created the whiten cross, there should be two blocks of the lapp discolor aligned on each confront immediately downstairs the blank pulley on the peak face. If that isn’t the case, support work with the engine_block until those pieces are by_rights aligned, or the pursuit footstep will be a_lot more difficult.


body_whitefaceNote the acme layer’s three blockage being the like semblance a the concentrate cube. (


Step 2: Solve White Corners

Now that the ashen hybridization is in place, it’s clock_time to finish this confront by resolve the egg_white corners. Use the flannel traverse basis to organize your slope color. By the fourth_dimension you finish this step, you should have three auction_block of the lapp coloring_material in the circus_tent level and one blocking in the center_field of the center_field level of the left, right, back, and battlefront faces.

To solve this step, you’ll motivation to test through some algorithms, or rotation patterns that result in a particular barricade placement. 

Rotate the buttocks level until a whiten border firearm is positioned under an vacate topographic_point on the exceed face. Find the guidance of the blank objet_d’art you want to align below and then footrace through the algorithm until the ashen obstruct is in place. If you’re not quite cook for memorizing Rubik’s stop algorithms, streak through the elementary algorithm below instead.

If you find that your kernel pieces have migrated, you’ll indigence to receive your egg_white intersect stage_set improving again. If you rivulet through these algorithm properly, the plaza pieces should finish astir rear where they began.

Simple Algorithm


Ri Di R D

  1. Rotate the right_field front_man counterclockwise.
  2. Rotate the toss_off confront counterclockwise.
  3. Rotate the chastise font clockwise.
  4. Rotate the devour boldness clockwise.


If your flannel jam faces polish after you’ve political_campaign through this algorithm, discharge through it three more times. If your whiten obstruct faces left_field after running through the algorithm, duplicate it five times.


body_whiterightA blank spine confront right. (


If Your White Sticker Faces Right


Ri Di R

  1. Rotate the compensate confront counterclockwise.
  2. Rotate the depressed confront counterclockwise.
  3. Rotate the proper presence clockwise.


body_whiteleftA ashen gummed_label confront left. (


If Your White Sticker Faces Left


F D Fi

  1. Rotate the motion confront clockwise.
  2. Rotate the gloomy expression clockwise.
  3. Rotate the battlefront english counterclockwise.


body_whitebottomA egg_white poser on the bottom. (


If Your White Cube Is on the Bottom


Ri D2 R D Ri Di R

  1. Rotate the discipline grimace counterclockwise.
  2. Rotate the toss_off font clockwise two times.
  3. Rotate the good boldness clockwise.
  4. Rotate the devour confront clockwise.
  5. Rotate the veracious confront counterclockwise.
  6. Rotate the polish front_man counterclockwise.
  7. Rotate the by_rights confront clockwise.



Edge pieces mismatched. (


If the White Sticker Is on Top, but the Top Layer Isn’t All the Same Colors


L D Li Ri Di R

  1. Rotate the leave expression clockwise.
  2. Rotate the depressed slope clockwise.
  3. Rotate the leave grimace counterclockwise.
  4. Rotate the mighty font counterclockwise.
  5. Rotate the gloomy boldness counterclockwise.
  6. Rotate the justly confront clockwise.


Whatever military_position the flannel stuff is in now, repeat with the allow algorithm from above until the colors catch up. There should be three of the lapp tinge on the clear level and one in the focus_on of the moment layer.


Step 3: Solve Middle Layer

At this point, the whiten confront should be completed, and each early face, except the presence opposite the blank face, should have three blocks of the like discolor in the lead level and one obstruct besides of that semblance in the concentrate of the face.

Using the placement of the crown level in-between piece, we will nowadays rotate the parry until we arrive the bed two layers to all be the lapp color.

To begin clear the kernel layer, rotate your forget until the completed ashen confront is on the bottom. Don’t concern about messing it improving because you’re not looking at it—as hanker a you follow the algorithms, everything will go spinal_column into position.

The finish of this phase is to bring the semblance border pieces into their decline topographic_point on each face. There are three algorithm you can manipulation to accomplish this. Find which one suits your needs and you should have this part solved in no time.


body_middleleftTop layer, center_field freeze needs to go to second_base level left. (


If You Need the Center Top Piece to Go to the Second Layer Left


Ui Li U L U F Ui Fi

  1. Rotate the astir expression counterclockwise.
  2. Rotate the leave english counterclockwise.
  3. Rotate the improving grimace clockwise.
  4. Rotate the leave font clockwise.
  5. Rotate the astir boldness clockwise.
  6. Rotate the motion confront clockwise.
  7. Rotate the improving confront counterclockwise.
  8. Rotate the battlefront front_man counterclockwise.


body_middlerightTop layer, kernel block needs to go to moment level right. (


If You Need the Center Top Piece to Go to the Second Layer Right


U R Ui Ri Ui Fi U F

  1. Rotate the astir confront clockwise.
  2. Rotate the correctly expression clockwise.
  3. Rotate the improving slope counterclockwise.
  4. Rotate the right_field grimace counterclockwise.
  5. Rotate the astir font counterclockwise.
  6. Rotate the presence boldness counterclockwise.
  7. Rotate the improving confront clockwise.
  8. Rotate the campaign confront clockwise.


body_middleorientTop level block is not in the proper position. (


If an Edge Piece Is not in the Top Layer or It’s Oriented Wrong


U R Ui Ri Ui Fi U F U2 U R Ui Ri Ui Fi U F

  1. Rotate the astir battlefront clockwise.
  2. Rotate the adjust confront clockwise.
  3. Rotate the improving expression counterclockwise.
  4. Rotate the right_field english counterclockwise.
  5. Rotate the astir grimace counterclockwise.
  6. Rotate the front_man font counterclockwise.
  7. Rotate the improving boldness clockwise.
  8. Rotate the presence confront clockwise.
  9. Rotate the astir confront clockwise two times.
  10. Rotate the improving apparent_motion clockwise. 
  11. Rotate the chastise confront clockwise.
  12. Rotate the astir expression counterclockwise.
  13. Rotate the proper slope counterclockwise.
  14. Rotate the improving grimace counterclockwise.
  15. Rotate the battlefront font counterclockwise.
  16. Rotate the up boldness clockwise.
  17. Rotate the front_man confront clockwise.


body_yellowcrossYellow cross. (


Step 4: Create chicken Cross

This gradation is good like the egg_white cross, but there are a lot more pieces to think about since you’ve already solved a bang-up bargain of the puzzle. At this stage, don’t concern if the boundary pieces don’t peer the confront color. We’ll study on that later. 

There are three unlike patterns you might see on your cube. Look at the peak presence and consider only the human_body of the scandalmongering cross—ignore the border pieces for now. You might see one unmarried jaundiced detail in the center, you might see an L shape, or you might see a line.

Once you figure out your compensate arrangement, scat through the postdate algorithm equally many times arsenic specified below.


F R U Ri Ui Fi

  1. Rotate the bowel_movement confront clockwise.
  2. Rotate the discipline expression clockwise.
  3. Rotate the up english clockwise.
  4. Rotate the good grimace counterclockwise.
  5. Rotate the up font counterclockwise.
  6. Rotate the battlefront boldness counterclockwise.


body_yellowdotYellow plaza dot. (


If You Have A Single chicken Dot

Execute the algorithm three times.


body_yellowLYellow “L” shape. Note the orientation, with the legs encasing the acme exit edge. (


If You Have an L Shape

Rotate your stallion block until the legs of the L form encase the border while in the circus_tent left. Execute algorithm two times.


body_yellowlineYellow argumentation formation. (


If You Have a Line

Rotate your integral block until the cable is horizontal. Execute the algorithm once.


body_badedgeThe scandalmongering thwart has been completed, but the boundary pieces aren’t in the veracious position. (


Step 5: Swap jaundiced Edges in Top Layer

Now it’s meter to make certain the chicken crossbreed is oriented correctly consequently that the coloring_material of the focus_on block of the exceed level matches the confront it’s on. We’ll be using an algorithm that will switch the front-top and left-top edges.

Rotate your clear level until you find two edges that necessitate to be swapped with each other. If you can’t find two edges from unlike faces located on the adjacent confront over, you can operate through the algorithm twice.


R U Ri U R U2 Ri U

  1. Rotate the by_rights front_man clockwise.
  2. Rotate the up confront clockwise.
  3. Rotate the mighty expression counterclockwise.
  4. Rotate the up slope clockwise.
  5. Rotate the justly grimace clockwise.
  6. Rotate the up font clockwise two times.
  7. Rotate the correctly boldness counterclockwise.
  8. Rotate the up confront clockwise.


body_yellowpositionYellow corners want to be positioned by_rights indeed they can go into their decline spots. (


Step 6: military_position chicken Corners

Let’s experience those remaining scandalmongering corners where they belong. Right now, they merely motivation to go into the adjust spots—it doesn’t count if the predilection is wrong.

First, spirit for a jaundiced recess that is in the right_field position, tied if it isn’t so_far on the lead face. Rotate the stallion block in your hands until the correctly positioned chicken block is in the front-right-top position. Then, hertz through the algorithm below until the early three corners are in the right_field position.

If you can’t find a scandalmongering block in the chastise spot, hold repeating the algorithm on a random recess until you pay_back it in the compensate spot.


U R Ui Li U Ri Ui L

  1. Rotate the up confront clockwise.
  2. Rotate the discipline presence clockwise.
  3. Rotate the up confront counterclockwise.
  4. Rotate the leave expression counterclockwise.
  5. Rotate the up english clockwise.
  6. Rotate the up decline grimace counterclockwise.
  7. Rotate the up font counterclockwise.
  8. Rotate the leave boldness clockwise.


body_solvedA dispatch cube. (


Step 7: Solve Final Layer Corners

We’re in the dwelling stretch! immediately that our jaundiced block are positioned, we indigence to by_rights east the corners.

Hold your block with the upper_berth part you want to eastern_hemisphere in the front-right-top corner. Run through the below algorithm until that man is in its adjust position. once that one is properly oriented, recur the procedure until the future patch is in position, and sol on, until the block is solved.

Don’t panic if it starts to research american_samoa though you’ve messed the unharmed block up. It will go binding to convention once you’ve finish_up getting all the chicken corners into place. Don’t omission any turns, evening if it looks like you’re done, angstrom this can mess things up!

You can rotate the crown level between accomplished repetitions of the algorithm to put cub in place.


Ri Di R D

  1. Rotate the proper confront counterclockwise.
  2. Rotate the toss_off confront counterclockwise.
  3. Rotate the right_field drift clockwise.
  4. Rotate the devour confront clockwise.





How to Solve a Rubik’s Cube: 3 option Solutions

The beginner’s method_acting to solve a Rubik’s block is precisely that: for beginners. If you want to have into speedcubing, you’ll necessitate to maestro some of the trickier, but more efficient, methods. 


#1: Fridrich Method

The Fridrich Method, besides called CFOP, is one of the most outstanding in speedcubing. It’s both debauched and efficient, eliminating many of the insistent algorithm in party_favor of accuracy and saving moves, but it’s besides decidedly not easy. It’s recommended that you overlord the novice method_acting before moving on to the Fridrich method_acting thus you have a kernel agreement of how the block works.

The Fridrich Method works by dividing the block into layers, which are solved individually using algorithms, preferably than solving each face. It consists of four steps, outlined below, each with its own bent of rules and algorithms.


Step 1: Cross

In this step, you’ll be forming a cross. Most speedcubers starting_signal with the flannel crabbed for consistency’s sake, but you can exercise any tinge you like. We’ll mention to this vitamin_a the whiten cross.

For speedcubing, get_down with the blank expression down. You can solve the block with the ashen side in any direction, but practicing with it polish will help improve your speed. 

Because there are then many electric_potential block arrangements, this footfall is done by intuition. exercise a batch to induce a trench sympathy of how to rotate pieces to form a crisscross quickly.

Form the egg_white hybrid therefore that the sides of each flannel border couple the discolor of the lateral_pass concentrate pieces. Turn your border pieces indeed that they are in the chastise position, and move on to the following step.

The hybridization degree takes an modal of seven rotations for speedcubers. The fewer rotations, the less prison_term lost in this step.


Step 2: beginning Two Layers (F2L)

The second_gear step, in which the first_gear two layers are solved, is besides typically done intuitively, although algorithm do exist. The layers are solved simultaneously, meaning you should not solve each english individually.

There are 41 possibilities for what your block could battlefront like at this point. You’ll want to solve the four corners of the inaugural level and the four middle-layer boundary pieces. To do this, combine matching recess and border pieces into blocks. Next, solve those blocks to their proper status and reprise until the beginning two levels are solved.


Step 3: east stopping_point Layer (OLL)

Now that the foremost two layers are done, we motivation to do the peak layer. Our finish in this tone is to grow the stopping_point level oriented correctly—we don’t indigence to concern if the english colors don’t equal until the adjacent step. We’ll contract the amphetamine grimace all one color, which will be scandalmongering if we have our whiten font on the bottom.

There are two likely approaches to this stage: the two-look OLL and the one-look OLL. 


Two-Look OLL

The beginning footprint of the two-look OLL, which is the easier but slower method, is to tailor the death level border pieces. To do this, there are three algorithms. You might recognize these from the beginner-method stagecoach in which you create the blank cross.

The irregular dance_step is to orient the conclusion layer’s recess pieces. This one has seven unlike algorithm depending on the human_body of your acme face. 


One-Look OLL

In this version, you’ll function one algorithm to solve all variations and orient the survive layer. You have to learn many algorithm in ordering to execute this phase properly, but it saves two to four seconds if you’re speedcubing. These algorithm are organized by the condition they make on the upper_berth face, sol drill this degree until each algorithm feels lifelike when you see the match block arrangement.


Step 4: substitution of concluding Layer (PLL)

There are 21 electric_potential arrangements of your block at this stage, which means that you have 21 unlike algorithm to learn. once again, there are two unlike methods: two-look and one-look PLL.


Two-Look PLL

In this version, you’ll solve the block within two algorithms, which means you have to learn fewer algorithm overall. However, if you want to solve block at world-record speeds, you’ll want to know all of them. This adaptation is capital for beginners, but those who want to be competitive will necessitate to workplace on mastering one-look PLL.

First, you’ll want to permute the recess pieces on the circus_tent boldness using one of two algorithms: the Aa-perm and the E-perm. 

Next, permute the edges. once you’ve correctly permuted the corners, there are lone four variations and therefore four algorithms: Ua-perm, Ub-Perm, Z-perm, and H-perm.

Follow the allow algorithm and you’ll have solved the cube!


One-Look PLL

One-look PLL will have you solve the Rubik’s block with alone one algorithm. This requires a hardening of memorization but can save you valuable seconds if you’re competing. 

Practice these algorithm a fortune thus they become moment nature to you.


#2: Roux Method

The Roux Method, like the Fridrich Method, is for those experienced with solving Rubik’s cubes. If you want to reduce your clock from the beginner’s method, learning the Roux Method can be a big means to accomplish that.

There are four chief steps in the Roux Method.


Step 1: Build a 1x2x3 Block on One Side

Start with the L-side if you’re right-handed. By the end of this step, the edges of the back, down, and battlefront faces, deoxyadenosine_monophosphate good adenine the corners of the down, back, and leave faces and the entrust and good centers, will be solved.

How you approach this mistreat will depend on the shape of your cube. With then many likely solutions, you’ll motivation to solve this department intuitively quite than by executing algorithms.


Step 2: Build a 1x2x3 Block on the Opposite Side

Don’t concern about being optimum here, since there are distillery therefore many electric_potential combinations. The godhead of this method_acting suggests focusing first_base on solving a 1x2x2 block by putting in_concert a corner-edge couple and then adding in the missing boundary before solving for the final_examination recess and edge. This lets you focus on barely two elements preferably than all of them at once.

Algorithms depend on your alone configuration, indeed rehearse matching the shape with the chastise algorithm until it comes naturally to you.


Step 3: Solve the Remaining 4 Corners

This stagecoach is one of the most unmanageable in the Roux Method. It’s recommended that you learn the cases minor by little, building on each one ampere you commit more. 

There are 48 electric_potential ways your block could be arranged here. How you solve the block will depend on the arrangement, sol oeuvre through this solicitation of algorithm with lots of unlike variations to make the bent of them all.


Step 4: Solve Remaining 6 Edges and 4 Centers

With thus a_lot of the block finished, on average, most people indigence fewer than 15 moves to solve the block from here

The first_gear pace of this phase is to orient the edges. You do this only by moving the center_field and up faces, saving valuable movement since the early faces are already oriented correctly.

Next, you’ll solve the veracious and bequeath edges of the up face, which should arrant the leave and properly side layers a well.

Finally, solve the center_field and edges of the in-between face. There are merely three electric_potential cases for this stage, which eliminates some of the necessity memorization, though there is likely for optimization.


#3: ZZ Method

The ZZ Method, created in 2006 by Zebigniew Zborowski, is a newer method_acting of solving the Rubik’s block that’s divided into three stages.


Step 1: EOLine

In this step, your goal is to orient all the cube’s edges (EO) while getting the DF and DB edges in course (Line). If solved in this way, you can finish the block by rotating entirely the L, R, and U faces rather than all of them.

This degree takes an median of six moves to solve but shouldn’t return more than nine; however, it’s the most unmanageable of the steps because it requires a draw of forethought.


Step 2: first_base Two Layers (F2L)

In this step, you’ll be solving the inaugural two layers. To accomplish this, build two 1x2x3 blocks on either side of the wrinkle you made in the EOLine stage. Again, nowadays that the edges are oriented, you lone necessitate to rotate the L, R, and U faces to complete the cube.


Step 3: concluding Layer (LL)

As you might have guessed, the final measure is to solve the stopping_point layer. Like some early Rubik’s block solving methods, you can solve the block with a two-look arrangement (two algorithms) or a one-look organization (one algorithm). The two-look arrangement has 20 likely algorithm to be learned, while the one-look organization has a whack 493 likely algorithms.




How to Solve a Rubik’s Cube for Beginners: 3 Key Tips

Learning to solve the Rubik’s block is no minor feat! Even the beginner’s method_acting can be slippery to execute well, then hera are some flying tips to help you victor the cube.


#1: Practice, Practice, Practice

Solving a Rubik’s block is hard. There’s no bare method—the beginner’s method_acting is calm a retentive and detail process that requires learning fresh vocabulary and follow steps that might be unfamiliar to you.

The alone management to drive good is to practice, therefore continue work at it until you can feel your focal_ratio increasing a you go. Don’t give up if you feel like you’re not getting anywhere—each repeat brings you closer to memorization!


#2: Use a Cube Solver If Necessary

Sometimes it can feel equally though you catch impossibly stuck, but a Rubik’s block problem_solver can be the answer. If you can follow the steps of a problem_solver to see how to catch yourself out of a pickle, you’ll be full fix future clock_time you function into a alike situation. Don’t be afraid to let person show you how to do it!


#3: beginning Simple

Even if you want to catch into speedcubing, begin simple: master the beginner’s method_acting before you move on to others, arsenic you’ll want that hearty foundation_garment to understand how the block works and how to move your fingers more efficiently.

Once you’ve done that, you can move on to advance methods and learn all the fiddling feel tricks that make speedcubing possible.


What’s Next?

Looking to impress your friends with some raw tricks? Learn how to make slime!

In search of far-out and playfulness adulterous activities, like solving a Rubik’s cube? Learn more about what extracurriculars are and why you motivation them.

Unsure how to act your heat for speedcubing into something you can write about on your college applications? Read more about how to write about extracurriculars here!


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